Arrighi de Casanova, Jean-Toussaint

b. 8 March 1778, Corte (Corsica)

d. 22 March 1853, Paris

Admitted in 1791 to the military college of Rebais, near Meaux. When this closed in 1793, he was sent to the University of Pisa. After the English left Corsica, he returned there, and was introduced to Saliceti. Soon afterwards, Joseph Bonaparte took him to Italy, where he was a supernumerary officer attached to the 75th Line. After the Peace of Leoben, he was assistant on the staff and met Berthier, who became his friend and mentor. Arrighi went with Joseph to Rome, and then took part in the expedition to Egypt. He was badly wounded, but was saved by Larrey. He was also at Marengo. He was promoted colonel of the 1st Dragoons on 31 August 1803. In 1805, he took part in the Ulm campaign and was wounded at Wertingen. In 1806 he was made colonel-major of the Dragoons of the Guard. He took part in the Polish campaign and was promoted general of brigade after Friedland. He was created Duke of Padua on 19 March 1808. He then campaigned with his dragoons in Spain and Austria. He was promoted general of division three days after Essling, and was given command of Espagne's cuirassiers. He was wounded at Wagram. On 25 February 1812 he married Zoé de Montesquiou, the daughter of Napoleon's chamberlain, and was then given the task of organising the National Guard in the area of Antwerp. In 1813 he was given command of the 3rd corps of cavalry, and was at the battle of Leipzig. In 1814, his cavalry practically having ceased to exist, Arrighi was given command of an infantry division. During the Hundred Days, he was sent as Napoleon's representative to Corsica. He went into exile in Trieste after Napoleon's fall. Source: Balteau, J. and others. Dictionnaire de biographie française, 1933-, vol III, p. 1091-4 (which also gives the rest of his career).

No biography in Bouvier, F. Bonaparte en Italie, 1796, 1899. Not listed in Michaud. Biographie universelle ancienne et moderne, 1843-?.

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