Baraguey d'Hilliers, Louis

b. 13 August 1764, Paris

d. 6 January 1813, Berlin

Son of a Gendarme of the Royal Guard. Joined the army in 1783 as a cadet in the infantry regiment of Alsace. Became a sous-lieutenant in 1784, second lieutenant in 1787, and lieutenant in 1791. He resigned in May 1791, but returned to the service on 20 January 1792. He was then ADC successively to generals Crillon, La Bourdonnaye and Custine. He was at the capture of Spire, Worms, Mainz, and Frankfurt. He was wounded in action at Hockenheim on 6 January 1793. He was promoted general in April, but as chief of staff to Beauharnais and Custine, he was caught up in their fall, and was imprisoned in Paris. He narrowly escaped with his life, was only returned to active service on the fall of Robespierre. He went to Italy at the beginning of 1796, and after functioning as the governor of Lombardy, he went to Rey's division. Fought at Rivoli, then served under Joubert. Took part in the capture of Malta, and was returning to France with news of this when he was wounded and captured by the English. He later served under Moreau and Gouvion Saint-Cyr. During the campaigns of 1800 he was at Landau, Enghen and Biberach. With the arrival of the Empire he was nominated colonel general of the dragoons and Grand Eagle of the Legion of Honour. During the 1805 campaign he commanded a division of dragoons, and took part in the actions at Wertingen and Elchingen. He then went to Italy to command the 1st Corps, in place of Marmont. In 1808 he was made Count of the Empire. During 1809 he served in northern Italy, and was then made responsible for subduing the revolt of the Tyroleans under Andreas Hofer. On 22 August 1810 he transferred to the Army of Spain and was made governor of upper Catalonia. He returned to France in 1811, and then took part in the Russian campaign of 1812, becoming governor of Smolensk, and later commander of a division in Victor's corps. This was badly manhandled in an action on 9 November, and Baragueys was relieved of his command and sent back to France under arrest. He never got there, but fell ill and died on the way. Sources: Balteau, J. and others. Dictionnaire de biographie française, 1933-, vol. 5, p. 172-3. (Almost uniquely, this gives the spelling of the name as "Baragueys", but offers no reason for departing from the usual orthography.) Michaud. Biographie universelle ancienne et moderne, 1843-?, vol. 3, pp. 24-6. (This gives Baraguey's date of death as "towards the end of December 1812".)

No biography in Bouvier, F. Bonaparte en Italie, 1796, 1899.

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