Bonaparte, Marie-Anne-Elisa

b. 3 January 1777, Ajaccio

d. 7 August 1820, Sant' Andrea, near Trieste

The eldest of Napoleon's sisters. She attended the school at St-Cyr, and it was partly because of the closure of this school in late 1792, and Napoleon's decision to take his sister home to Ajaccio, that he was not in mainland France during that critical phase of the War of the First Coalition. Elisa (as she was usually known) married Felix Baciocchi, a former officer of the Royal Corsican regiment, on 1 May 1797. On 18 March 1805, Napoleon made over the principality of Piombino to his sister, to which that of Lucca was added three months afterwards. She proved to be extremely serious in her duties as sovereign, taking an interest not only in improving the roadways and opening a school and an academy, but also showing a knowledge of military affairs. On 3 March 1809, she was made Grand Duchess of Tuscany. After the fall of Napoleon, she lived in various places, including Moravia, Trieste, and Bologna, where she was known by the name of the Countess Compignano. Source: Michaud. Biographie universelle ancienne et moderne, 1843-?, vol. 2, pp. 571-2

No biography in Bouvier, F. Bonaparte en Italie, 1796, 1899.

Amur leopards

A personal interest, and nothing to do with history.

Amur leopard conservation logo

They are perhaps the most endangered animals in the world -- there are only about 30 left in the wild. They desperately need help from humankind. See

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