Francis II (I) of Austria

b. 12 February 1768, Florence

d. 2 March 1835, Vienna

"Franz Josef Carl Johann von Lothringen, son of the Emperor Leopold II, brother of the Grand Duke of Tuscany and the Archduke Charles, nephew of Joseph II and Marie-Antoinette ... Emperor (1 March-14 July 1792), he had been a widower since 19th February 1790, of a princess of Württemberg who had died bringing into the world she who would later become the Empress of the French, Marie-Louise, and had taken as his second wife his cousin Marie-Thérèse-Caroline-Josèphe, the daughter of Queen Caroline of Naples. She died in 1806. She gave him as sons the Emperor Ferdinand I who succeeded him in 1835, and abdicated in 1848 (born 19 April 1793) and Francis Charles Joseph (born 7 December 1802, who was father of the Emperor Franz Josef I, born in 1830). He remarried, in 1808, to the grand-daughter of the Duke of Modena, Marie-Louise, preferring her to another daughter of Marie-Caroline, that Marie-Amélie who became queen of the French by her marriage to the Duke of Orleans, later Louis-Philippe. A widower again, he married, a fourth time, on 29 October 1816, Caroline-Auguste, daughter of King Maximilien I of Bavaria." Bouvier, F. Bonaparte en Italie, 1796, 1899, p. 687.

Amur leopards

A personal interest, and nothing to do with history.

Amur leopard conservation logo

They are perhaps the most endangered animals in the world -- there are only about 30 left in the wild. They desperately need help from humankind. See

Unless otherwise credited, original text, translations and photographs on this site are ©2001 Martin Boycott-Brown

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