Garnier, Pierre-Dominique

b. 19 December 1756, Marseille

d. 11 May 1827, Nantes

"Soldier in the regiment of Ile de France from 1776 to 1779; dragoon in Guadaloupe; captain in 1789 in the National Guard of Marseille, where he had returned to take up his profession of architect once more; second lieutenant-colonel, in 1792, of that battalion of volunteers which had sown 'the Marseillaise' to all the echoes of France during its march on Paris. He had led it to the attack on the Tuileries on 10 August, when he was wounded, then, as a reward for his conduct on that day, he was appointed second-lieutenant in the regular army, in the 51st infantry, on 15 September 1792, but he did not accept. On 26 October 1792, Garnier was appointed first lieutenant-colonel of the 11th battalion of chasseurs; general of brigade on 12 September 1793; general of division, before Toulon, on 20 December 1793 (confirmed on 29 August 1794); he had constantly fought on the Alpine frontier and served with the [French] Army of Italy again, in Rome, during the years 1798 and 1799. Invalided out on 20 May 1801, he went to live in Paris. From 1812 to 1812 he was commander in Barcelona; he returned to Paris where he was reported by the Minister of Police, Savary, for 'making himself noticeable for his exaggerated opinions'. To move him away, he was appointed, on 23 April 1813, commander of Laibach [Lubliana], in Illyria. The invasion drove him out, and he went to command at Blaye, and was then retired in 1815. Having retired to Nantes, General Garnier died there, at 23 rue de l'Est ... His name is inscribed on the Arc de Triomphe (War Archive). There is a notice [by Bouvier] on General Garnier in the journal La Révolution Française, vol. XII, 1887, p. 851." Bouvier, F. Bonaparte en Italie, 1796, 1899, p. 659.

See also Balteau, J. and others. Dictionnaire de biographie française, Paris, 1933-, vol. 15, p. 521.

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