Lipthay, Anton

b. 1745, Szécseny (Neograder Comitate)

d. 17 February 1800, Padua

"Freiherr, Feldmarschall-Lieutenant, and Knight of the Order of Maria Theresa ... Descended from an old, noble, Hungarian family, whose line went back to the second half of the 13th century. Anton was a son of Alexander Lipthay from his marriage to Therese Topolcsányi. In 1764, Lipthay, aged 19, joined the newly established Hungarian Guard as a second lieutenant, and in 1768 he was transferred to IR Pálffy with the same rank. At the beginning of the War of the Bavarian Succession, in 1778, Lipthay was a captain and at the beginning of the Turkish wars in 1788, a major. After the surrender of the veteran Höhle, Lipthay received orders to occupy the field-work at Uj Palanka and oppose the landing and crossing of the mountains by the enemy. Lipthay undertook the task, led two batteries outside the field-work to a range of 2,000 paces, with which he received the enemy and thwarted his intentions. Later he defended the field-work at Szoska long and courageously, till he received orders to follow Feldmarschall-Lieutenant Brechainville to Bersecz. On 19 October, General-Major Harrach began his attack on the entrenchments of Uj Palanka. Lipthay, who knew the area well, expressed the view that due to the low level of the water at that time, the enemy would have had to moor his flat-bottomed boats. Lipthay therefore received orders to drive away these flat-bottomed boats, and marched off with 500 men to carry out his task. He was not mistaken, and managed his approach so fortunately that the Janissaries who were on the punts were cut off from a redoubt, in which the Spahis had thrown themselves. Lipthay now decided to attack the redoubt. He led the guns forward and placed himself at the head of the attack squad. He renewed the attack on the redoubt with his men three times without taking it. Lipthay wished to make a fourth attack with a new squad, when the enemy asked to capitulate. Lipthay carried out further surprise attacks with skill and courage in the next few days. On 31 October, he took a flat-bottomed boat with two guns, and in the night of 5/6 November, he undertook a large foraging operation as far as Gradisca, with some 300 men, from which he returned with a considerable quantity of cattle, sheep, salt and foodstuffs. In the following year, 1789, Lipthay had already been promoted to lieutenant-colonel, and with his battalion defended Uj Palanka, then Gladowa, and on 6 January 1790 offered the Turks the brilliant action at Negotin. With 2,500 men he put twice the number of enemy to flight, the result of which was that the provisioning of Orlova was thwarted, and Krajina, which had been occupied by the enemy, was cleared of them again, and reoccupied by the Austrians. For these last feats of arms, Lipthay was promoted to colonel by Emperor Joseph, who was with

the army at that time. He had already earlier, in the 15th promotion (of 15 November 1788), been awarded the Knight's Cross of the Order of Maria Theresa, for the courage of which he had so often given proof. In 1793, Lipthay was appointed colonel of IR Reisky, no. 13. In May 1795 he was promoted General-Major. He was then given a brigade in Italy, with which he gave new proofs of his courage, and was seriously wounded at Castiglione (5 August 1796). After his recovery, he distinguished himself in the actions on the Brenta (3 November 1796), and in the battle on Monte Baldo (12 January 1797). He then received the command of the Tyrol Corps and its contingents, but had to give up the command in March 1797 because of illness. In the campaign of 1799, Lipthay, who had been promoted Feldmarschall-Lieutenant in September 1798, was with the army in Italy once more, and commanded a division. In the action at Verona (25 March 1799) he was again rendered unfit for action by a serious wound. Though he was taken to Padua to recover, he succumbed to the effects of his wound after long suffering, at the age of 56 years." Wurzbach, C., von. Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich, 1856-91, vol 15, p. 235-6

See also Bouvier, F. Bonaparte en Italie, 1796, 1899, p. 687.

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